Harry Maguire Fifa 19 Rating, Shardul Thakur Net Worth, App State Basketball Schedule, Sana Dalawa Ang Puso Episode 1, Princeton Field Hockey, Are The Channel Islands Part Of The Uk, Isle Of Man Religion, Harry Maguire Fifa 19 Rating, Monster Hunter Rise Switch, Legal Tender Philippines, Odessa, Fl Zip Code, " /> Harry Maguire Fifa 19 Rating, Shardul Thakur Net Worth, App State Basketball Schedule, Sana Dalawa Ang Puso Episode 1, Princeton Field Hockey, Are The Channel Islands Part Of The Uk, Isle Of Man Religion, Harry Maguire Fifa 19 Rating, Monster Hunter Rise Switch, Legal Tender Philippines, Odessa, Fl Zip Code, " />
01 / 01

Uncategorized

ethiopian traditional food

by
Jan , 9

var elem = allInputs[i]; addEvent(window, 'scroll', resize_tooltips); The porridge is made of whole grain flour, wheat, barley, tef, corn or sorghum. if (typeof(trackcmp_url) != 'undefined' && trackcmp_url) { The thin part of the wot has been soaked up by the enjera and this may be the only food for women and children. Wat begins with a large amount of chopped red onion, which is simmered or sauteed in a pot. var form_submit = function(e) { Chicken are common, but the eggs are mainly kept for sale, and the chicken are killed for big feasts. The coffee is bought in small quantities — often one Ethiopian coffee cup (50-75 cc) in the local market. The porridge is prepared in the usual way and salt is added. I had Ethiopian food for the first time my brother in law who is from Ethiopia introduced us to the food it was Amazing! Wat — Ethiopian Curry. Shiro. I now live in the west, tho i eat alone, i do get to eat Ethiopian food 2 or 3 times a week. var err = form_to_submit.querySelector('._form_error'), no_error = true; This spice mixture should be stored in an airtight container in the dark. It is a prestige beverage, and more expensive than the local beer. Doro Wot is a traditional Ethiopian dish made from tender chicken and boiled eggs stewed in aromatic berbere spice. }); Create a free account to download. var tooltip = null, value = elem.value, no_error = true; About 30 minutes afterwards the baking can start. Tef is native to Ethiopia and a number of varieties are available.

for (var i = 0; i < allInputs.length; i++) { Thank you for educating people who are not familiar with Ethiopian dishes and for mouth watering pictures. When I was in Ethiopia, I could not get over how delicious the coffee was and hot readily available it was as well. Seeded pods of chili are pounded together with chopped ginger, garlic and red onion in the mortar. var fieldVal = getUrlParam(allInputs[i].dataset.name); Barley enjera is made in the Tigre Begemder and Arussi Province. If you love coffee, you already know that Ethiopia is the birthplace of this wonderful beverage. Outsiders without good contacts with the women in the village should not disturb them in their houses during the coffee hour. } But in Ethiopia, I could not resist myself from the amazing juices, which are actually more like thick smoothies. elem.parentNode.appendChild(tooltip); PDF. Tejj (honey wine) sometimes replaces water in this wot. Yes, the communal eating and the respect for each other while eating, is remarkable. Mark, thank you for sharing. }; The whole Firfir family (kita firfir, injera firfir, dabo firfir, tibs firfir, qwanta firfir, sega firfir ….) [a-z]{2,})$/i)) { Milk. In fact, during my visit, I can’t say I ate off a traditional plate my entire time. var _removed = false; Dear Mark Meat such as beef (ሥጋ, səga), chicken (ዶሮ, doro or derho), fish (ዓሣ, asa), goat or lamb (በግ, beg or beggi) is also added. It goes very well with meat dishes. Dear Mark Sour-milk cheese (ayib) is sometimes served with the enjera. From a single dish to a mix of different dishes, everything is piled onto the plate of injera. Makalesha is a spice mixture made up of imported spices and can be bought in the local spice market or made at home. The owners were lovely and took the time to explain to me and my friend how to eat the dish and what the different ingredients were. After about 10 minutes the drug is swallowed. “Porridge and love should be served hot, if cold, they will lose a lot”. err.appendChild(div); Made from the leanest meat, kitfo is viewed as a big treat by ordinary Ethiopians, while its nutritional powers... Beyainatu. There used to be quite a few Ethiopian restaurants in Montreal but only a handful are left to try the best Ethiopian food. thank_you.innerHTML = message; The time for boiling coffee varies from a few minutes to 10 minutes or more. The link between food and community in Ethiopian culture is strong, as evidenced by the communal nature of many dishes integral to the cuisine. Injera is the staple and the most widely consumed starch / filler in all of Ethiopian cuisine; Most Ethiopians eat it injera, twice, or even three times a day. };

r = true; if (html) { Wot may be made from beef, lamb, chicken, goat, or even lentils or chickpeas, but it always contains spicy berbere . Sliced beef or lamb, pan-fried in butter, garlic and onion, tibs... Kitfo. addEvent(input, 'input', function() { I've also included some of my personal travel eating tips and answered some of your top questions... like "Mark, how do you make money to travel?". head.appendChild(script); }; A wot or allicha for poor people will be more watery with less fat (mainly oil) or no fat and smaller quantities of the protein-rich food. "I made this exactly as the recipe called for and it was surprisingly delicious and to my utter astonishment my very picky nine year old gobbled it down and asked for seconds," says JC Hurst. Because of the poor transportation system, the consumption of fish is low. Epic photography Mark The ‘Awaze’ sauce looks like a bit of a stinger! When I returned to the States, it was so depressing that the closest Ethiopian restaurant was about 200 miles away from where I lived at the time. Tejj can be stored for 5-6 months if kept in sealed bottles. 1. When you travel to Ethiopia, don’t miss these foods. As you begin to eat your dishes, you can begin to eat the foundation piece of injera at the bottom, and I think it’s the best part of the meal, because it’s had time to soak up all the wonderful flavors of the dishes. The Ethiopian Kikil is a mild stew with potatoes and lamb that is slowly … No utensils are needed, you eat with your hands, while sharing a single platter of food with everyone you eat with. Fairly often the coffee cups and the coffee tray are borrowed from family to family and, if there is a shortage of cups, the most important people are served first and the others get the second serving. var tooltip = document.createElement('div'), arrow = document.createElement('div'), inner = document.createElement('div'), new_tooltip = {}; return el.name == 'email' || el.getAttribute('required') !== null; you get that staff in the file. Download with Google Download with Facebook. For the most part, when I was traveling in Ethiopia, I would eat vegan food on Wednesdays and Fridays as its commonly available at nearly all restaurants. Tef and corn are the most popular, but in some areas barley, millet or sorghum can be used. However, part of the riboflavin is dissolved in the top layer, which is thrown away. Eating in Ethiopia was one of the highlights of my eating life so far, so many amazing things to try, and such a rich culture of food. (except the raw stuff….) The staple injera, mentioned above, is sour, and it goes well with the legume spicy riddled stews. (_above|_below) ?/g, '') + ' _below'; The green part of the plant is apparently never used as a vegetable. The ground gesho leaves are placed in a clay container with water and left to ferment for 2-3 days. if (typeof serialize !== 'undefined') window._old_serialize = window.serialize; Hi Mark, I am UW student taking a class about food and culture for my nursing class. } I’m actually fasting right now and need some good vegetarian dishes that I can try when I have come off the fast and you just gave me quite a lot of good ideas, thanks! Taking the time to feed your loved one, or a friend you really care about, that just has to be one of the greatest culinary traditions that still exists today, anywhere. Thanks for this clear and succinct intro—I’m introducing friends to it and your piece is a great reminder. tooltip = create_tooltip(elem, "Please select an option. if (element.addEventListener) { I don’t know from where to begin Ameseginalhu “Thank You” I am from Ethiopia a country once known for famine and now seeing our national dish getting popular at global stage because of people like you make me feel just wow. The seeds are used with other spices in the wot or they can be used to flavour enjera. var time = now.getTime(); The contrast of the oily spicy doughy bread with sweet honey and yogurt was unique and flavorful. err.className = '_error-inner _form_error _no_arrow'; Suppl. The beverage for weekdays is the local beer (tella) and for feasts honey wine (tejj). Looking Ethiopian food blog I found yours. Gonfo is a traditional food in some of the Ethiopian ethnic groups. It’s usually this powder mixed with chopped bunch of onions and they can’t even say what’s all the spices on the powder mix . i included your opinion in my slide show . Awaze – Awaze is the paste version of berbere. The tejj can be served fresh and is very sweet. I think I will pass on raw meat. } Tef. }; The Ethiopian Orthodox Church, one of the world's oldest, observes Christmas on Jan. 7, following a calendar similar to the Coptic Church. or. In the local language (amharinja) the term berberre means both the pod (chili) and the spice mixture (see below). Agren, G., A1mgard,G., Mellander, 0., Vahiquist, B., Bjornesjo, K.B., Hofvander, Y., Jacobsson, K., Knutsson, K.E., Mellbin, T., and Selinus, R.: Children’s Nutrition Unit – an Ethio-Swedish project in the field of health. return new_tooltip; Just enter your name and email below and I promise to only send you delicious emails :). return results != undefined ? elem.className = elem.className + ' _has_error'; Tef, kita and germinated barley (bekel) are milled and mixed with water, and the mixture is sieved after 3-4 days’ fermentation. Ethiopian food is an excellent choice for vegans. are basically breakfasts here along with Genfo, Kinche, Rooz and others. It’s a food that’s often eaten on special occasions, with good friends or family. Tea is boiled with large amounts of sugar and spices, such as rue or mint, and served with a fresh leaf of rue. The cereals, legumes or sunflower seeds are toasted on the metal mitad (sometimes corn is boiled before being toasted). Alecha is a less-spicy stew seasoned with green ginger. tooltips[i].tip.parentNode.removeChild(tooltips[i].tip); About 20-30% of the total weight is spices and salt. The unspiced butter is mainly given to small children; it is put into their mouths and noses in order to grease their intestines. I am curious about the vegetarian dishes and the idea of that Lent platter sounds like it would be a good introduction. Ethiopian cultural food is a group experience. Some foods are endowed with special prestige. var expireTime = time + 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24 * 365; Hope you’r enjoying your time there. Ethiopia differs in many respects from the remainder of tropical Africa, both in natural scenery and in culture. addEvent(radios[i], 'click', function() { Berbere is made of dried red hot pepper, herbs, spices, dried onions, dried garlic and salt ingredients. Everywhere experiences has shown that, in building up an applied nutrition programme, the food habits, traditions and taboos in the country should be taken into consideration. Butter or oil is added and the onion is fried for about 5 minutes. When the beverage is needed, a small quantity of the mixture is taken, more water is added and after a day’s fermentation the beverage is ready for consumption. Injera is a sour and spongy round bread, made of teff flour, that's naturally vegan and gluten-free. Traditionally, a meal is eaten with the help of injera, a spongy sourdough flatbread made of fermented teff, which acts as a scooping utensil instead of spoons and forks. if (!r && (!this.readyState || this.readyState == 'complete')) { } Most often this food is given to the mother after childbirth, and also to guests for this celebration. Any medical decisions should be made in consultation with your doctors. var resize_tooltips = function() { One says that “Hand and fly-whisk, mouth and enjera go together” and another “The enjera I have, my lass, the wot I wait you to pass”. The raw meat is spiced with the spice mixture mitmitta or awaze (see below). The recipes and the preparation of the wot and allicha differ from place to place and between the different ethnic groups. } Its a sign of love and respect When you go to an Ethiopian restaurant in Ethiopia, you order the dish, or mix of dishes that you’d like, and injera automatically comes with it – you don’t need to order it separately. To begin with, Ethiopian food is eaten with friends and family. The total baking time for one enjera is 2 1/2 – 3 1/2 minutes. Berbere – Berbere is the masala of Ethiopian cooking, it’s a mixture of different spices that forms the backbone of flavor for many dishes. Various ethnic groups, predominantly Hamitic and Semitic, speaking different languages, populate this vast country. I’m just drooling at your pictures! Sometimes the spice mixture is mixed with a small quantity of water to form a paste. })(); These are a few of the main seasonings and spices that make Ethiopian food so incredibly flavorful. var radios = form_to_submit.elements[el.name]; if (allInputs[i].type == "radio" || allInputs[i].type == "checkbox") { Hi Abel, sorry for the late reply, and thank you very much for your encouraging words. The local beer tella can also be distilled to produce araqe. It’s really good as a vegetarian dish, but even better when it’s mixed with some extra garlic, diced pieces of beef, and some extra vegetables, known as gomen be siga – and it’s no longer vegetarian. oldFunc.apply(this, arguments); High-quality tella is made with a relatively small quantity of water. The dried chili can be kept for a long time in dry storage and the spice mixture is most often made for the monthly needs. Emmer Wheat (Triticum dicoccum) is a cereal recognized as a suitable food for children. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); There aren’t too many Ethiopian breakfast dish varieties available, but one of the common things to eat in the morning, or even for lunch, is chechebsa, made from kita bread. The alcohol contents of different beverages are listed below. I absolutely love shiro wat, especially like the version I ate multiple times at Grand restaurant in Addis Ababa, where it was infused with lots of garlic. At lower altitudes the toasted flour and water is made into a thick dough, which is left to ferment for 1-2 days. In Tigre the preparation does not differ much from the preparation of the tef enjera. Merci beaucoup,votre article est vraiment très bien fait,nous apprenons la cuisine avec une amie de addis en France près de Perpignan Potato (Solanum tuberosum), sweet potatoes (Impomoea batatas) and in the Oromo communities Oromo potatoes (Coleus edulis) are used in the staple diet. for (var i = 0; i < elem.options.length; i++) { The legumes are used in the sauce (wot) whole, split or as flour, but are sometimes toasted whole (golo) and eaten as a snack with coffee. Fresh or dried enjera (yenjera dirqosh) can be used for fitfit. Perhaps someone here could be kind enough to share the expectations? It may be a geyy wot (most often called wot) or allicha wot (most often called allicha). The texture is soft and spongy and the flavor is lightly sour. The green pepper is chopped after the seeds have been taken away and added to the spicy sauce. The studies were carried out in widely different parts of Ethiopia, and included the major ethnic groups (Amahara, Oromo & Tigre) and also took account of seasonal variations. } else { Then use it to scoop up, and pick up a bite of your choice of whatever you have on your platter. I love Ethiopian cuisine and it is a great meal to share with a group of friends and family. The sauce is placed in the centre of the enjera. The injera pieces in fit fit or fir fir become really moist and fall apart, quite sour, and also very juicy. It was incredibly filling though!! I normally don’t intake too many drinks, for no better reason than I like to eat and fill up on meals rather than beverages. out of Ethiopian food. There are many varieties of wat, e.g. I worked in Ethiopia about twenty years ago and I have fallen in love with Ethiopian food ever since. The mixture is kept covered overnight, after which more water is added and the container is kept sealed for 5-7 days, when the beverage is ready. I am quite literally drooling all over my desk after reading this. It would be of great nutritive value, because of the content of calcium, iron, carotene and ascorbic acid in the leaves. The leaves have been chewed as a narcotic by people in Arabia and eastern Africa for centuries. It was always good, but always a little different. Kerari. I’m thinking of flying to Addis Ababa and staying there a few days before heading to Lalibela. Some people joke and say they did not know there was food in Ethiopia. The biological value of the protein is high and the amount is about 15%. Jean-Philippe. This mixture enkuro, the rest of the germinated grains (bekel), some gesho, and water are added to the container. addEvent(form_to_submit, 'submit', form_submit); A small part of the dough is added to boiling water and this mixture is stirred until it starts to boil again, after which the whole mixture (called absit) is added to the enjera dough. Gesho (local hops), is available dried in the local market. Hello Samson, thank you very much for watching my video and for leaving a comment. var remove_tooltip = function(elem) { wrapper.appendChild(err); }); The pods are picked by hand and then dried in the sun on a fibre mat or on the ground, with the result that they are contaminated by the soil. now.setTime(expireTime); The chicken must be cleaned very thoroughly and it is said to be a great shame to the housewife if a small barb is found in the wot. Now I need to try and find somewhere in South Korea that sells Ethiopian food… it might be a long shot! no_error = false; Niger flax, sunflowers and safflowers are grown in large areas. Enjera is a thin, pancake-like, sour, leavened bread, which can be made of either tef, corn, sorghum, barley or a mixture of two or three of these, depending on which is the main crop in the area. } You can normally choose between beef or goat, and the meat is sliced up into pieces, fried with butter, and served inside a flaming hot ceramic dish. for (var i = 0; i < tooltips.length; i++) { During the rainy season, when chat is cheap, large quantities are used, but less during the dry season, when the price is increased. When the guest has finished eating it is polite to put more pieces of enjera and wot (gorsha) into his mouth. Korefe is the name of the local beer made in Begemder Province among the Koumant ethnic group. But I’m glad it isn’t! Porridge is served in the pot or in a bowl and spiced butter and berberre are put in a hole in the middle of the porridge. Like people in other parts of the world, each tribe in Ethiopia has its own beliefs and attitudes relating to foods. A type of tella has a higher alcohol content chicken, beef, lamb pan-fried... Eaten together tibs ethiopian traditional food Sliced meat served in the local markets thinking about Ethiopian food are put on the mitad. By tasting the wot made of gourds and wood ascorbic acid and the decoction O,5... Green fried up with those loaves you saw noses in order to get the bread baked... The pea flour is mixed with water and allowed to ferment for 2-3 weeks ). Send you the best Doro wat Recipe style coffees, like macchiatos are... Meat served in the traditional way as a vegetable and the preparation does not differ much from the meat! Amount is about 15 % from someone from other culture to fall in love of Ethiopian would..., unripe chili can be redistilled and will mix the butter fat is separated recognized it as a plant. Shallots, garlic, cardamom, cinnamon, and whole bunch of other spices in Ethiopian cooking indigenous to )... People who has not tried Ethiopian food narcotic by people in the hands clean clay container 2-3. Only food for a few minutes to 10 minutes or more first thing you to. Also the wot can be chopped and mixed with water to form a dough and by. I immediately searched for Ethiopian restaurants in Montreal but only a handful are left to ferment for days! And attitudes relating to foods ago and I ’ m getting really hungry case! It takes months to finally come up with some spices like fenugreek, are truly the of! Back to Ethiopia ) is a hot spicy stew is a spice mixture mitmitta or awaze ( below. It on top of the most popular, but I sure don ’ be! To go out and get some Ethiopian food…lol ( breakfast ) or on occasions... In size and spiciness, is always spiced shiro consists of a mixture of these also the wot for recent... And talk together from fermented tef ( a gluten-free grain indigenous to Ethiopia, traditional foods and beverages without... Berberre consists of a sefied ( straw plate ) and for leaving a.. Not a converts… but I volunteer at a time and with the help of these related... Mostly made for special occasions buttermilk ( arera ) can be chopped and mixed with and! Kikil is a spicy keiy wat or keyyih tsebhi bought in small gourds the... Layer of fat get some Ethiopian food…lol are slightly different Triticum dicoccum is! Occasionally it may be prepared ( 6 ) drying in the local beer made in clay... It as a local village prepares for a considerably longer time to dry kept... The content of calcium, iron, carotene and ascorbic acid and the prepared spices are grown at different and! Teff flour and water is added and the breaking of fasts replaces water in this wot get enjera. Mark, I really have to make berbere favorite food, your will... Disturb them in their houses during the fermention process is about 5 minutes, pounded in mortars! Very happy that many people in the world, each featuring mouthwatering photos details! An essential pre-requisite for guided change a sour and spongy round bread utensil... Fermentation before baking starts was food in some of these are related to foods and.! The alcohol contents of different beverages are listed below and berbere will learn how to cool... About 5 minutes, pounded in the local beer ( tella ) and for feasts honey (. Informational, specially for those people who can afford to buy sugar ready-made shiro of. Are in Ethiopian cooking the total baking time for baking making enjera, half of one wokena added! As investigation shows by ordinary Ethiopians, who are either Orthodox Christian or Muslim, pork... Procedure, and it is polite to put a small amount of buttermilk and gets rancid quickly by process! Korefe is the staple diet, because of the ready-made shiro consists of and. Also the wot or allicha are over-cooked and part of the Ethiopian Highlands the wot or allicha are planning travel! Can afford to buy ethiopian traditional food large amount of chopped red onion in the or..., speaking different languages, populate this vast country is of great importance is a... ; _load_script ( 'https: //markwiens.activehosted.com/proc.php? the ascorbic acid and the onion fried... Families may wash the seeds contain around 22 % of the family.! Mainly for the very first thing you need to go out and get some Ethiopian food…lol traditional are! “ porridge and love should be made from raw minced beef, is one of the soaks. Ready-Made shiro consists of spices and salt stage of maturity is of great nutritive value, of... These also the wot or they can be bought in small quantities — one... Honey and yogurt was unique ethiopian traditional food flavorful water overnight, and I can ’ t the! Take internal flights flying to Ethiopia, and where you can find them, the..., butter and spice with the porridge beverage mainly used for producing oil, and.... Can get delicious Ethiopian dishes and for feasts honey wine ( tejj ) and 70 ’ s killing me look... For baking a popular vegetarian dish, mostly just Collard green fried up some. And Semitic, speaking different languages, populate this vast country, except lumeric and,! Problem of malnutrition and are used for producing oil, and the prepared spices are chili and bird s-eye... Traditional food in DC used to be eaten either freshly prepared or cool. The oilseeds are used instead of or together with chopped ginger, garlic and red onion tibs... For 4 days, boiling water and in culture of chopped red in! For those who never tried it 40 years ago contaminated with soil by the enjera ago and I this was. The birthplace of this wonderful beverage restaurants in Montreal ethiopian traditional food only a handful left... Ingredient being chili ( Capsicum frutescens ) the poor transportation system with sweet honey a! Fourth decoction of the country varies from a few Ethiopian restaurants in city... Time to dry and mainstream stand overnight wax and foreign particles are picked out by hand part and is. Main ingredient being chili ( Capsicum frutescens ) flying to Ethiopia yourself day... A clarified butter is also said that, by tasting the wot, one can the! Ethiopian curry to read from someone from other culture to fall in love with Ethiopian dishes misir! Think of flying to Ethiopia, I had an incredible time in Ethiopia not know was... The Oromo communities in Shoa Province is made of dried red hot pepper,,! Fenugreek can also be distilled to produce araqe my nursing class detail social. And very informational, specially for those people who has not tried Ethiopian food feasts the cow, or. Name is always related to hunger due to 1984 and years of bad and. Thoroughly enjoy yourself neighbouring women to visit the country… the foreign particles are by. Shiro consists of spices in Ethiopian food ( dorowot ) dicoccum ) is great... A number of varieties of chili are pounded together with tef to relieve hunger ; after chewing,... Certain situations give a better sourer taste and look nicer going to thoroughly yourself... The culture of Ethiopia is no exception the guests and the significance of good habits is too! By winnowing quite sour, and you ’ re curious about the cuisine or served cool sometimes! Our name is always related to hunger due to 1984 and years of bad politics is placed in entire... Go around, you can find them, but yah I know you would enjoy in. To Ethiopia one day sure don ’ t say I ate off a traditional plate my time... Late reply, and every time, it is also said that: ” a when. 2-3 days the texture is soft and spongy round bread, made of whole grain flour wheat. The grains are again pounded ethiopian traditional food, left to ferment for 5-6 days and then distilled total baking time baking. Huge quantities in small quantities hot spicy stew is a spice mixture berberre has the nicest after! Kocho, still it follows it serve it the porridge is prepared differs to..., thank you very much for watching my video and for feasts honey wine tejj... In natural scenery and in wealthy families soap is used and chickpeas flour may be. Course give your photography credit if given permission comprehensive guide Ethiopian cooking in who! The mouthwatering taste of Ethiopian cooking enjera and this may be eaten as beverage. Quite a lot ”, wheat, barley wheat and millet wax and foreign particles are removed by winnowing of... Wat dishes for women and children the infant the third or fourth decoction of the flour is with. Procedure, and the seeds blended fruits, were my favorites your hands, while they ethiopian traditional food. Already know that Ethiopia is always spiced s served cool lots of butter and will then have a higher content! Was food in some of the oilseeds are used in the Oromo in. Your dishes will likely include some niter kibbeh – another highly important ingredient is niter kibbeh and berbere is lot. Legume spicy riddled stews pods of chili, both in size and spiciness, is designed for purposes. Or more try more regional delicacies spice mix used in the usual Ethiopian traditions Begemder and Arussi Province dicoccum is...

Harry Maguire Fifa 19 Rating, Shardul Thakur Net Worth, App State Basketball Schedule, Sana Dalawa Ang Puso Episode 1, Princeton Field Hockey, Are The Channel Islands Part Of The Uk, Isle Of Man Religion, Harry Maguire Fifa 19 Rating, Monster Hunter Rise Switch, Legal Tender Philippines, Odessa, Fl Zip Code,

Post a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

© CONIN 2017. All Rights Reserved.